When the algae died, their remains sank to the bottom of the ocean and combined with the remains of other creatures to form the chalk that shapes the cliffs today. Over millions of years, the seabed became exposed and is now above sea level. The resulting edge of chalk is the iconic White Cliffs of Dover.
Where do the white cliffs start and end?
These great, vertical cliffs end five miles west of Dover, and the White Cliffs enter their final phase. Here the top 100 yards of the cliffs have retreated about a quarter of a mile inland, leaving a rough platform perched above the sea. Below the platform are the final 50 feet of cliff, protected by huge sea walls.
Will the White Cliffs of Dover disappear?
The iconic White Cliffs of Dover have been eroding 10 times faster in the last 150 years than they did over the previous 7,000 years, researchers say. For millennia, wide beaches helped slow down erosion, but over the past 150 years, the beach that protected the White Cliffs of Dover has disappeared.
Who owns the White Cliffs of Dover?
The cliffs, on both sides of the town of Dover in Kent, stretch for eight miles (13 km). The White Cliffs of Dover form part of the North Downs. A section of coastline encompassing the cliffs was purchased by the National Trust in 2016.
Can you drive to the White Cliffs of Dover?
We’re very close to the Port of Dover. You can drive here within a few minutes, or there is a signed footpath directly from the port. You could also take the 15a, alight Dover Docks and follow the cliff path. Our closest station is Dover Priory which is about 2 miles away.
In which country can you find the White Cliffs of Dover?
The famous White Cliffs of Dover stand guard at the Gateway to England. Millions pass through Dover each year on their journey to or from the continent. In some places over 300 feet high, the White Cliffs are a symbol of the United Kingdom and a reassuring sight to travellers.
What are the white cliffs of Dover famous for?
The White Cliffs are hugely iconic in Britain – and for the most part, that’s due to their place in military history. They sit across the narrowest part of the Channel, facing towards continental Europe at its closest point to Britain and forming a symbolic guard against invasion.
What is so famous about the White Cliffs of Dover?
Symbolic Significance. The White Cliffs of Dover are the first and last sight you see when departing from or arriving in the port of Dover and is a sentimental symbol of England . The cliffs’ symbolic value to the English is exemplified in the famous World War II-era song sung by Vera Lynn, “(There’ll Be Bluebirds Over) The White Cliffs of Dover.”.
How were the White Cliffs formed?
Formation. The White Cliffs date back over 136 million years, having formed during the Cretaceous period in the Mesozoic era as the shells and skeletons of billions of tiny sea creatures fell to the bottom of the sea. As the fragments settled over hundreds of thousands of years, they formed layers of chalk, or soft white limestone, that became the cliffs.
Who wrote White Cliffs of Dover?
The White Cliffs of Dover was based on a novel in verse (i.e., a 52-chapter poem) entitled The White Cliffs by American writer Alice Duer Miller [1874-1942]. Novels in verse are few and far between in English, but The White Cliffs had sold over a million copies. The screenplay was written by Claudine West , Jan Lustig , and George Froeschel .
Who sang the White Cliffs of Dover?
The popular World War II song (There’ll be Bluebirds Over) The White Cliffs of Dover was written in 1941 by Walter Kent and Nat Burton. It was popularized in 1942 with a performance by Vera Lynn.