This is the mechanism that produces California’s characteristic coastal fog and cool ocean waters. The cold water is highly productive due to the upwelling, which brings to the surface nutrient-rich sediments, supporting large populations of whales, seabirds and important fisheries.
Does the California Current carry warm or cold water?
The California Current affects the western coast of the U.S., including California. The California Current carries cold water and causes the western coast of the U.S. to have a cooler climate.
How does the California Current affect climate?
But the California Current has a big effect on the climate of the West Coast of the United States. Summer temperatures differ less from winter temperatures along the West Coast than they do inland. Usually, the climate along the West Coast is cooler than the climate of inland areas at the same latitude and elevation.
Why is the California Current cold?
The water along the coast of California is cold for a couple of reasons. First, the California Current brings cold water from Alaska southward along the coast. And second, cold water from the deep ocean comes up to the surface through a process called upwelling. So water from the deep ocean is sucked to the surface.
How cold is the California Current?
The maximum ranges in temperature and salinity from its northern to its southern end are 48° to 79° F (9° to 26° C) and 32.5 to 34.5 parts per thousand, respectively. During the summer, when upwelling is most dominant, a countercurrent below 650 ft develops close to the coast.
Are California beaches warm?
Southern California usually offers the best beach vacation weather of anywhere along the western US coast: sunny, dry and warm. There are a few places along California’s coast, though that get surprisingly warm. Beaches exposed to the south become California’s warmest of all in both summer and winter.
What type of weather does the California Current bring?
Along the west coast of the U.S., the California Current carries cold water from the polar region southward, keeping the west coast relatively cooler than the east coast.