Settlers in the Southern colonies came to America to seek economic prosperity they could not find in Old England. The English countryside provided a grand existence of stately manors and high living. But rural England was full, and by law those great estates could only be passed on to the eldest son.
What colonies were South Carolina and Georgia?
The Southern colonies included Maryland, the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia.
What type of colony was the Georgia colony?
The Georgia Colony was classified as one of the Southern Colonies. The Province of Georgia was an English colony in North America that existed from 1732 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Georgia.
Why was Southern Carolina important to the colonies?
The harbor and natural coastline of southern Carolina allowed easier trade with the West Indies. The result was the development of an urban, cultured, and cosmopolitan society made up of wealthy planters and merchants.
Where did the first settlers of the Carolinas come from?
In the southern part of the grant, the proprietors and early settlers from Barbados founded Charleston in 1680 on the coast where the Ashley and Cooper rivers flowed into the Atlantic. The planters learned how to grow rice, a lucrative export crop. The easily-flooded lowlands along the rivers were ideally suited to its cultivation.
How did geography affect the culture of the Carolinas?
Geography also shaped the Carolina culture. The vastly different environments of the northern and southern parts of the Carolina grant dictated that settlements would develop in significantly different ways. The harbor and natural coastline of southern Carolina allowed easier trade with the West Indies.
When did North Carolina and South Carolina become separate colonies?
In 1712, recognizing the different social underpinning of the northern and southern settlements, the proprietors granted the two Carolinas separate assemblies and governors. When the proprietors sold their holdings to the king in 1729, he confirmed North Carolina and South Carolina as separate royal colonies.